Depressive Symptoms and Addictive Behaviors in Young Adults After Childhood Trauma: The Mediating Role of Personality Organization and Despair

Background:There is substantial evidence that traumatic experiences in childhood increase the likelihood of mood pathology and addictive behaviors in adolescence and young adulthood. Furthermore, both forms of psychopathology have been linked to deficiencies in personality organization and a common primary emotion core. In this study, we intended to further investigate these interactions by assuming a mediating role of personality organization and despair regarding the relationship between childhood trauma and psychiatric symptom burden later in life.

Increased attachment security is related to early therapy drop‑out in substance use disorders

Objectives: Previous research work suggests a positive association between secure attachment and increased therapy adherence (TA) in different patient groups. However, there is still a strong need for research focusing on the influence of attachment on TA in substance use disorder (SUD) treatment. Hence, this study attempts to investigate the predictive value of different attachment patterns concerning TA in SUD inpatients. Results: 122 (34 female) SUD inpatients completed the Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ) during the entry phase of therapeutic community treatment.

Vulnerable Dark Triad Personality Facets Are Associated with Religious Fundamentalist Tendencies

Background: This study explores the possibility that religious fundamentalism (RF) may be linked to deficits in personality structure, which is in contrast to the general assumption that religiosity and spirituality are positively related to mature personality development. Sampling and Methods: To test this hypothesis, 327 (232 female) college students completed the Multidimensional Inventory for Religious/Spiritual Well-Being together with the Innsbrucker Religious Fundamentalism Scale.

White matter integrity in polydrug users in relation to attachment and personality: a controlled diffusion tensor imaging study

The relationship between substance use disorders (SUD) and brain deficits has been studied extensively. However, there is still a lack of research focusing on the structural neural connectivity in long-term polydrug use disorder (PUD). Since a deficiency in white matter integrity has been reported as being related to various parameters of increased psychopathology, it might be considered an aggravating factor in the treatment of SUD.

Dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-Being and the dark triad of personality

Background: In general religious/spiritual dimensions were found to be negatively correlated with all kinds of psychiatric disorders, and specifically with depression, suicidal ideation and substance abuse. In contrast to this, the goal of this study was to investigate the relationship between dimensions of Religious/Spiritual Well-being (RSWB) and less favourable aspects of personality, the so-called “Dark Triad” personality traits: narcissism, Machiavellianism and psychopathy together with general deficits in personality structure.

Structure and Content of the religious/spiritual well-being among psychiatric in-patients: a multidimensional assessmen

Objectives: To determine if the structure and centrality of the religious/spiritual construct system are associated with personality dimensions and psychopathological symptoms and to make clear  any differences between addiction patients, general psychiatric patients and healthy controls? Methods: In total 420 people of both sexes were included in the study.

Structure and centrality of religiosity/spirituality among psychiatric in-patients

Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the linkage between differences in religious/spiritual well-being to personality and mental illness in psychiatric patients and healthy controls.
Methods: Addiction patients (N=120), depressive patients (N=100) and healthy controls (N=200) were given a multidimensional questionnaire for religious/spiritual well-being in combination with well established measures for personality/psychiatric diagnostics. Data were evaluated using descriptive methods, regression analysis and GLM multivariate.

Soul Darkness? Dimensions of Religious/ Spiritual Well-Being among Mood-Disordered Inpatients Compared to Healthy Controls

Background: Religiosity and spirituality have been found to be substantially associated with a variety of mental health and illness parameters. However, relevant empirical evidence is sparse, and more research is needed in order to further understand what role religiosity/spirituality plays in the development, progression and healing process of a psychiatric disease. Thus, the purpose of this study was to find out more information about the religious/spiritual needs of anxious/depressive inpatients.