Structure and centrality of religiosity/spirituality among psychiatric in-patients

Objectives: The main purpose of this study was to investigate the linkage between differences in religious/spiritual well-being to personality and mental illness in psychiatric patients and healthy controls.
Methods: Addiction patients (N=120), depressive patients (N=100) and healthy controls (N=200) were given a multidimensional questionnaire for religious/spiritual well-being in combination with well established measures for personality/psychiatric diagnostics. Data were evaluated using descriptive methods, regression analysis and GLM multivariate.

The role of belief processes and the psychotic experience

Studies indicate that religious and spiritual dimensions are positively related to all forms of mental health, including indicators of subjective well-being and personality factors. It has also been suggested that religious/spiritual well-being might play an important role in the development, course and recovery of mental illness. However, despite such claims, there have been numerous recordings of delusions and hallucinations adopting a religious nature. Furthermore, there is some evidence that religion and spirituality can be harmful for patients with psychosis.